New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 | Major Changes in Indian Education System

Finally after three decades country got New Education Policy, there were many talks on this topic but on Wednesday 29 July Union cabinet approved this new policy.

New education policy, students enjoying

On Wednesday the Indian Government has taken the major decision on the education system.

The Union Cabinet has approved “New Education Policy (NEP)

After approval of the new Education Policy “Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD)” renamed as “Ministry of Education“.

School education, as well as Higher education, will be part of the change in the new education system.

6 % of the country’s GDP to be spent on education.

The need for New Education Policy

The National Education Policy formed in 1986 and revised in 1992. More than three decades have passed the education system has not changed.

By the government during the last 34 years, important changes have taken place in favor of the education system.

Quality education, as well as quality innovation and the needs of the 21st century, requires that change in the education system.

India will be the knowledge superpower after this change, for that pillars of knowledge should be strong.

This change in Education System will be the pillar of New India, it will also help in Innovative research, Quality education, etc.

But this education policy will not be implemented immediately, It will be implemented in three phases of 2023, 2025, and 2030.

The union minister Prakash Javdekar, Human resources department & Ramesh Pokhriyal (Nishank) made the announcement of New Education Policy 2020.

Common Policy For Everyone

For now, every university, Deemed Universities, Individual Universities & Central Universities has its own norms and policies.

After the Implementation of “New Policy” norms and policies for every university will be the same.

The national testing agency will conduct a common exam for every institution, The exam will be taken semester wise means twice a year.

4 year Bachelor’s degree program for various fields.

The 10+2 structure is converted into 5+3+3+4.

Students, Teachers & Parents should prepare for this new education system.

This policy will begin in 2023.

curriculum and pedagogical structure for
school education: 5+3+3+4 Model

new education policy 2020

Foundation Stage (5) – Class 1 & 2 Age 3 to 8

The foundation course comprises 3 years of pre-primary school and Grades 1, 2 (Class 1 &2).

The foundation stage is 5 years of

  • Flexible,
  • multi-layered,
  • sports-based,
  • activity-based, and
  • discovery-based learning.

It will focus on the Cumulative Brain Development, Cognitive and emotional stimulation of children.

Preparatory Stage (3) – Class 3 to 5 Age 8 to 11

Preparatory Stage comprises three years of education from class 3 to 5.

This stage will focus on play, discovery, and activity-based & Interactive classroom learning.

The aim of this stage will be to create common ground in all subjects including –

reading, writing, speaking, physical education, art, language, science, and mathematics.

Due to this, students will learn more deeply in specialized subjects.

Middle Stage (3) – Class 6 to 8 Age 11 to 14

Middle stage comprises three years of education from class 6 to 8.

This stage will focus on experiential and observational learning in mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.

Students will experience and observe the various educational fields.

Secondary Stage (4) – Class 9 to 12 Age 14 to 18

Secondary stage comprises four years of multidisciplinary study from class 9 to 12.

This phase is based on the subject-oriented academic and curricular style.

Students will get

  • more in-depth learning,
  • greater critical thinking,
  • a greater focus on life aspiration, and
  • greater flexibility and the
  • the subject of student choice.

Each year of the secondary stage will be divided into 2 semesters, total of 8 semesters will be taken.

Each student would take 5 to 6 subjects each semester, there will be some essential common subject for all.

Primary Education (NEP)

The learning process for a child starts soon after birth, Neuroscience shows that more than 85% of the child’s cumulative brain Development occurs before the age of 6.

By understanding the need for brain development, the government has prepared a fixed model of education up to 6 years old students.

In this ECCE focuses on healthcare and nutrition & self-help skills.

Also on cumulative brain development, motor skills, hygiene, dealing with separation anxiety, being comfortable around one’s peers, moral development, etc.

The main objective of this policy is to provide free, safe, high-quality education to every child between the ages of 3-6 by 2025.

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) will focus on foundation of learning.

The education policy is designed in such a way that focuses on the child’s cumulative brain Development.

Childhood education framework consist of two parts.

  • 0 – 3-Year-old – First part framework of guidelines for 0-3-year-olds.(3 Years)
  • 3 – 8-Year-old – Second part is an educational framework in that first 3 years for Anganwadi / Pre- School and next 2 years will be class 1 & 2. (Foundation Stage 5 Years)

Major Changes in Primary Education

  • A new curricular and pedagogical structure (5+3+3+4) for school education.
  • The importance of board exams will be reduced, Twice in a year exams will be taken.
  • Coding will be taught from class 6.
  • Self report card assessment included.
  • The mother tongue will be the medium of education till 5th grade.
  • Curriculum content will be reduced to enhance essential learning and critical thinking.
  • Empower students through flexibility in course choices.
  • Curricular integration of essential subjects and skills.
  • National Curriculum Framework for everyone.
  • National textbooks for everyone with local content and flavor
  • students will be Supported with unique interests and Talent.

Higher Education (NEP)

The main objective is to improve the higher education system.

Also creating world-class multidisciplinary higher education institutions in the country and Increase GER to at least 50% by 2035.

Higher education contributes significantly to the sustainable economic development of the nation.

Higher education also plays a large and equally important role in improving human welfare and the development of India.

According to the need for 21st-century

  • quality education
  • quality universities
  • a well-developed education framework

is needed.

students needs to enable one to study one or more specific areas of interest on an in-depth level.

Higher education has to be developed in a good, creative personality, intellectual curiosity, sense of service, and a strong moral way.

This education policy will help to accomplish these objective.

Major Changes in Higher Education

  • Undergraduate degrees will have multiple exit options.
  • The undergraduate programme will be for 3-4 years.
  • The postgraduate programme will be for 1-2 years.
  • Students can learn courses from Arts, Science & Commerce at the same time.
  • Higher education institutions will manage by independent boards,
  • Vocational education will be an integral part of higher education.
  • Public higher education will expand and improve.
  • MA and MSc courses will last just one year for students who are with a four-year graduate degree.
  • No affiliating universities or affiliated colleges.
  • M.Phil will discontinue.
  • Degree courses can credit to other degrees.

Teachers Qualification

Four years of integrated BEd to be the minimum qualification for teachers by 2030.

A two year BEd is also acceptable.

Teachers who completed their bachelor’s degree in any specialized subject can apply.


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